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Biofuels made from renewable biomass.

Bio-coal is a drop-in coal substitute that is made through a roasting-like process called torrefaction. Bio-coal pellets and briquettes can be transported, stored, crushed, pulverized and burned just like coal as an additive in co-firing applications or as a coal replacement, entirely, in plants originally built to burn the fossil fuel.


Woodchips are made by chipping larger pieces of wood. Depending on grade, woodchips are used for biomass solid fuel or for making wood pulp and other products. Woodchips may be used as a biomass solid fuel for heating in buildings or in energy plants for generating renewable electric power.


NCI is actively pursuing the development of bio-oil (pyrolysis oil) projects based on the utilization of sustainable woody biomass—the same feedstock for producing bio-coal—with a focus on technology provided by a multinational engineering and construction company. This bio-oil can be used as heating oil—in America’s Northeast, for example—and for co-processing in certain oil refineries in order to produce renewable and partially renewable fuels. 

Wood Pellets

Wood pellets are generally made from compacted sawdust or other wastes from sawmilling and other wood products manufacture. Other woody biomass sources include coconut shells, or tree tops and branches leftover after logging. Pellets are dense and can be produced with a low moisture content (below 10%) that allows them to be burned with a high efficiency.

California Dead Trees Initiative

With a focus on potential job-creating energy exports to Japan, we are exploring the commercial utilization of over 120 million trees in California killed by invasive insects and drought that constitute a staggering, unprecedented ecological disaster and public safety threat.

Dead Tree Utilization Assessment (CAL FIRE)

2017 Tree Mortality Aerial Detection Survey Results (USFS)

Our Trees are Dying (USFS)

Media (USFS)

Blockchain Biopower
Blockchain Biopower

Working with our partners in Japan and other blockchain technology experts, we are exploring possibilities for harnessing the power of blockchains to democratize renewable energy, in general, and biomass energy, in particular, including the use of certified sustainable biomass to generate green electricity for residential and commercial customers. A prototype power plant and system could be developed for our Upstate New York project site and host community. 

Coal Ash Beneficiation
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